Font Substitution Checkpoint (MS Word)
There are a number of reasons why it is best for the content authors themselves use CommonLook Office Global Access to create accessible PDF documents. One such reason is that the author should have on his or her machine all of the fonts being used in a particular document. The Font Substitution checkpoint is triggered when the computer being used to generate the PDF does not have all of the fonts installed that where used during authoring.
If the original document’s fonts are not available, CommonLook Office Global Access prompts the user to choose appropriate substitute fonts before creating the PDF. Important Note: Any font substitution has the potential to significantly change the appearance of the document. In general, font substitution should be avoided. Of course, the easiest way to avoid font substitution problems is to create the PDF on the same computer used to author the document.
The Purpose of this checkpoint is to alert the user to potential font issues in the PDF and to provide an opportunity to substitute appropriate fonts for those that are missing.
- Click on the “Show Font Substitutions” button to display the “Font Substitution” dialog.
- Install the missing document fonts, close and re-open the document.
- Alternatively, confirm that the substituted font is appropriate and Click “Convert Permanently.”
Although Section 508, WCAG 2.0, and PDF U/A do not specify font substitution, there are basic requirements pertaining to readability. For example WCAG 2.0, Guideline 3.1 states that content should be “readable and understandable.” Clearly, font selection and issues with font substitution could be a factor.
In addition, the United States Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) in their PDF File 508 Checklist (2013), under ID 1.4 asks, “Does the document utilize recommended fonts (i.e., Times New Roman, Verdana, Arial, Tahoma, Helvetica, or Calibri)?”
|Section 508 – 2001 Regulations (USA)||2001||“Web-Based Information & Applications”||Not Specified|
|W3C WCAG 2.0||2008||Web Content||Not Specified|
|Health and Human Services – HHS (USA)||2013||PDF File 508 Checklist||ID 1.4|
|ISO 14289 (PDF/UA)||2012||PDF Technology||Section 7.21|